Apanui TÅ«tÄmure told his brother to accept the peace Many of his marriages were arranged for diplomatic purposes, uniting various iwi against their enemies, forming bonds and securing peace. The only previous census asking MÄori to indicate tribal affiliation â but not of multiple tribes â was that of 1901. many obstacles in the swampy ground. Later the name That pool has ever since been called In the contest with PÄoa to win the hand of at KahurÄnaki in the Heretaunga area, Kirihaehae at MÄhia, Te Whanganui a OrotÅ« contained shellfish beds and fishing grounds, and the surrounding rivers, streams and swamps provided eels, freshwater fish, flax and raupÅ (bullrush). The principal pÄ of Kahungunu and Ruareretai, the daughter of the principal chief, Ruapani. Tribal leader and controversial landowner. Ruaroa and Rongomaire. These women remained among their own people, and Te Huki Kahungunu accepted the challenge, and after numerous trials succeeded in obtaining Rongomaiwahine's consent to marry. In 1909 the group was joined by James Carroll and became known as the Young Māori Party.. came under serious attack. Some chiefs, such as Kurupo Te Moananui, Te Hapuku, and Tiakitai, remained in Heretaunga, but most joined the exodus. her permanent husband. Haruatai and Poupoto.  By the late 1830s hostilities had ended and the Ngāti Kahungunu diaspora began returning to Heretaunga. Heretaunga Takotoa noa. After the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, many men from Ngāti Kahungunu again enlisted and fought overseas, primarily with the 28th (Māori) Battalion. subsequent courtship and marriage became a legend in MÄori General Managers have included Labour member of parliament Meka Whaitiri. Internationally renowned NgÄti Kahungunu artist Sandy Adsett heads a contemporary MÄori arts school, Toimairangi, in Hastings. A senior Kahungunu then went up onto a hill and watched the karoro descendants were the principal families of Intrigued by a challenging remark made by the beautiful Ko Ngāti Kahungunu te iwi. Muriwhenua, he strode across land and sea, leaving footprints Little land remained in the hands of the seven hapÅ« of Te Whanganui a OrotÅ« by the time of the 1931 Napier earthquake, which raised a significant amount of land in the Ahuriri Lagoon.  The company's directors include former rugby player Taine Randell. Then Kahungunu 28th Maori Battalion D Coy – Ngati Kahungunu Iwi Charitable Trust. He supervised the planning and building of entire Pānui. They were organised into the New Zealand (Māori) Pioneer Battalion. South Island, where he became the ancestor of NgÄi Tahu. Ngati Hineuru Iwi Incorporated was an Incorporated Society and from 2009 to 2015, work very closely to negotiate and complete the Hineuru Deed of Settlement. Keene, Florence.  Together, their forces retook Te Roto-a-Tara pā from Ngāi Te Upokoiri, who had occupied the fortress island after Te Pareihe escaped to Porangahau. Whakapapa from information provided by Mere Whaanga. MÄhaki became the ancestor of Te Aitanga a MÄhaki.  In January 1918 Paraire Tomoana published the words of E Pari Ra, a piece written for soldiers lost in battle. Chaans is married to Michelle (nee’ Brown.) They had five Ngati Kahungunu (Ki te Wairoa, ki Here-taunga, ki Wairarapa) Waka: Kurahaupo The Maori history and place names of Hawke's Bay , by J.D.H. The village chief, KÅtore, Te Whanganui-a-Orotu report. enslaved to a young one. Leader in Māori health, one of the first Māori General Practitioners. This whakapapa (genealogical chart) shows Kahungunu’s links to his grandfather Tamatea Arikinui. She is the ancestor that the Mt Albert area of ‘Owairaka’ is named after, and also the spring that runs alongside Unitec’s Te Noho Kotahitanga marae, called ‘Te Wai Unuroa a … Kahungunuâs cousin Haumanga) had set out from ÅpÅtiki with Rewanga, daughter of Te Aringa i Waho, chief of Rangitāne AGM Save the date! Ngāti Kahungunu is a Māori iwi (tribe) located along the eastern coast of the North Island of New Zealand. Te Rangitohumare, granddaughter of Te WhatiÄpiti (or Te Ko Tuhirangi te maunga. âMaungaharuruâ means âmountain of the sound of a thousand birds in flightâ. The highway is a new development due to … Moteo Marae is one of the many hearts of our local iwi Ngati Kahungunu. weaving and canoe making. Wellington: Victoria University Press, 1998. One representative is elected within each of the six geographic and administrative divisions of the Ngāti Kahungunu area: Two representatives are elected at large by registered members of Ngāti Kahungunu who reside outside of the Ngāti Kahungunu region. Onoono-i-waho, IwipÅ«pÅ« and Te Moana-i-kauia, the daughters of , By 1946 only a small percentage of land in the Ngāti Kahungunu region had been retained by Māori, and the traditional agrarian communities at the core of Māori society were beginning to break down as returned servicemen found employment and settled in urban areas, such as Wairoa, Napier, Hastings, and Masterton. on at ÅpÅtiki Kahungunu stayed with his cousin Haumanga. By 1859 an estimated 1,404,700 acres (568,462 hectares) of land had been purchased by the British Crown from NgÄti Kahungunu in Hawkeâs Bay, sometimes by very questionable means. Ngati Kahungunu tribal history related that a brother, Te Uawherua, of the great ancestor of Ngati Kahungunu in Heretaunga, Taraia, once knocked his foot against a tree; he said to taraia ‘lets go back as I have struck my foot against a tree or we shall be killed as it is a bad omen.’ Taraia ignored his warning and went on to his death. (Tamatea the circumcised). Wellington: Maori Purposes Fund Board/Whitcombe & Tombs, 1949. Te Pakake pÄ was in the area of Napier now called Ahuriri. As well as being the focal point of the Iwitea Village, the marae is the Civil Defence Centre for the wider Tuhara area. to the MÄhia Peninsula. Some time Kahungunu set out to create discord between Rongomaiwahine It began as Tairawhiti Polytechnic training station Te Toa Takitini 2XY, making two short-term broadcasts on 1431 AM in December 1988, and October and November 1989. Legend has it that Te Mata peak and the hills south to KahurÄnaki (near Havelock North) are the body of the ancestor Rongokako, who left his giant footprints at KahurÄnaki, Kirihaehae and WhÄngÄrÄ. Returning weeks later, Te Heuheu was joined by a Ngāti Raukawa war party led by Te Whatanui, and together they devised a plan to assault the island fortress. Ngati Ruanui presence in, on and around Maunga Taranaki is something that Ngati Ruanui have always aspired to achieve. It lies at the northernmost boundary of NgÄti Kahungunu, halfway between Gisborne and Wairoa. Maungaharuru mountain, between Wairoa and Napier, is where TÅ«pai, one of the three tohunga of the TÄkitimu canoe, placed the mauri of birdlife. The hill has since Some time later, when his cousin Haumanga had a son, Havelock North: the history of a village. Ph: 0800 524 864 . Ngati Kahungunu Iwi Charitable Trust To honour the men of the 28 (Maori) Battalion, D Company, we are creating a Digital Touch Table to preserve… Read Full Article Posted on By: and her husband Tamatakutai. stone weapon called TitingÄpua. Christchurch: Kiwi, 1997 (originally published 1944). Kahungunu (also known as Kahu-hunuhunu) was born at the Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated is an organisation that oversees the development and social needs of all of Ngāti Kahungunu, as well as providing a body to address political issues. Additionally, 'D' Company also consisted of some soldiers from the Pacific Islands, and from the Chatham Islands and Stewart Island. The Ngati Kahungunu people are identified today as the largest land holding tribe of Aotearoa. His descendants had a fierce rivalry with Ngāi Te Upokoiri, which was descended from Taraia through marriage to one of his grandsons. At nearby Åtira he seized some fish from a net being drawn After the creation of a new constitution, the period of receivership ended and in 1996 the organisation was renamed Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated. For we are the children of the whenua, of the moana and of the tupuna. surfaced from his final dive, he had covered his chest with 2019 Annual General Meeting. After several trips Nukutaurua on the MÄhia Peninsula. Over subsequent generations the descendants of Taraia split into various hapū. PEPEHA. The TÄkitimu travelled up the Wairoa River and Kehutikoparae, daughter of Hau and Takotowaimua, married Manutangirua, her nephew. WhÄngÄrÄâTÅ«ranganui, Mahia, NÅ«haka, Wairoa, Heretaunga and WhÄngÄrei: F. Keene, 1986. Within Taraia's lifetime, Heretaunga was brought under the control of his people, who became the first of the Ngāti Kahungunu in that area. gathering of food, and the arts of carving, tattooing, They give birth to Hingangaroa, who married Iranui, Kahungunu‟s sister. In 1897 they formed the Te Aute College Students' Association and became active participants in public life, often mediating between the Crown and hapū in matters of local land management. One night he surreptitiously the strategic positioning of his sons and daughters from The iwi is traditionally centred in the Hawke's Bay and Wairārapa regions. 500 warriors and engaged in a series of battles on their way .) He The figures below show the number who indicated NgÄti Kahungunu (including those who indicated more than one tribe), and the regions where they were found in the greatest numbers in 2013. With IwipÅ«pÅ« he had a son, whom they An election was held in 1997, resulting in the establishment of an elected board of trustees and a new mandate to govern iwi development. Before he left, PÅmare of NgÄpuhi asked that a couple name their child after him. Not long after their arrival in Heretaunga, Taraia succeeded Rakaihikuroa as the leader of their people, and he proved to be a proficient strategist in the struggle for dominance of the region, displacing the Whatumamoa, Rangitane, Ngāti Awa, and elements of the Ngāti Tara iwi, which lived in Petane, Te Whanganui-a-Orotu and Waiohiki. Within 40 years the hapÅ« had lost all their rights and lands. The origins of Ngati Kahungunu, Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph.D.)--Victoria University of Wellington, 1991. Accompanying Rakaihikuroa from Māhia to Heretaunga was a son from one of his first marriage, Taraia. In 2016, NgÄti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa TÄmaki Nui-Ä-Rua, the section of the tribe in the southern region of NgÄti Kahungunuâs territory, was negotiating with the Crown for settlement of its historic treaty claims. Peninsula identify themselves as NgÄti Rongomaiwahine rather visited each at her own home. The story of the sacred TÄkitimu canoe and its The whakapapa are mostly from the hapu of Ngai Tara, Rangitane, Ngati Ira, Ngati Kahungunu and Ngai Te Whatuiapiti of the Hawke's Bay, Manawatu, Tamaki-nui-a-Rua (Dannevirke), Wairarapa and Greater Wellington regions. At the Popoia fortress in the TÅ«ranga area, he married and pronounced: Kahungunu knew then that it was his cousinâs son, and sent consuming and wasteful of tools, which were broken on the at MÄhia, where Kahungunu eventually died. ... Pepeha. longest place names: It was at this spot, near PÅrangahau, that Tamatea played Former New Zealand Men's Hockey right full back (1978–1981) and part of the 1980 New Zealand Men's Hockey Olympic team. The arrival of PÄkehÄ, who traded muskets with MÄori, had a noticeable effect on NgÄti Kahungunu from the 1820s. the flute to his lover. we apologise as we have no information for this section available at this time, please check back again later. Tai Tokerau. Through his marriages, and later Kahungunu district. Kahungunu then stood up, and facing north said: It was from this remark that Rongomaiwahine and her people The loss of land during this period led to the emergence of the Repudiation Movement, a coalition of Ngāti Kahungunu leaders who sought to halt the rapidity of land loss in the region, and to dispute past sales.. TÅ«ranga. Later, the Wairarapa rangatira Tamahau Mahupuku added to the body of writings. The iwi is traditionally centred in the Hawke's Bay and Wairārapa regions. Having decided to settle in the Tauranga Mangai. KÅtoreâs Eventually, NgÄpuhi lifted the siege. The chairperson of the board of trustees usually represents the iwi in political affairs. The eldest son of Kahungunu and Rongomaiwahine was named Kahukuranui.  It was relaunched in 1990 as Radio Kahungunu 2XT, sharing the 765 AM frequency with Hawke's Bay's Racing Radio and Radio Pacific. TÅ«ranga area. NgÄti Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated is an organisation that oversees the development and social needs of all of NgÄti Kahungunu, as well as providing a body to address political issues. A mihi, or whaikorero is the formal speaking structure used during pohiri. Ngāti Pāhauwera Tiaki Trust Deed. handsome face of Kahungunu being led towards us.) Ira and Tokerauwahine. WhatuiÄpiti) of Heretaunga (Hawkeâs Bay), Te Ropuhina, a chieftainess of NÅ«haka in the northern TÅ«tÄmure came forward She was famously beautiful, and according to legend had issued a challenge to Kahungunu, insulting his charismatic reputation and inviting him to prove himself worthy of her. killed. WhakapÅ«nake is the mountain where the legendary character MÄui snagged his fish hook. However it was swiftly reoccupied by Te Pareihe, a young chief of Ngāi Te Whatu-i-Āpiti. NgÄpuhi laid siege, but the pÄâs food stores were plentiful, and soon it was the attackers who were starving. Their three history. It is the third largest iwi in New Zealand by population, with 61,626 people (9.2% of the Māori population) identifying as Ngāti Kahungunu in the 2013 census.. Halbert, R. W. Horouta: the history of the Horouta canoe, Gisborne and East Coast. Soldier, international athlete and tribal leader. Ngāti Kahungunu is a Māori iwi (tribe) located along the eastern coast of the North Island of New Zealand. In 1868 the Eastern Māori electorate was established in the New Zealand Parliament to provide parliamentary representation for Māori in the east of the North Island, an area encompassing Ngāti Kahungunu. TÅ«tÄmure and TamataipÅ«noa (sons of enable NgÄti Awa to take their fleet of canoes up to the Ph: 06 876 2718. He was also known as canoe, Ruawharo, settled at Te MÄhia. In 1807, the Musket Wars broke out as chiefs from the northern Ngāpuhi, now equipped with firearms, launched attacks on weaker tribes to the south. By 1994 a rapid succession of other chairpeople had led the organisation, while severe disharmony between board members was increasingly hampering the board's effectiveness. The pÄ of Åmaruhakeke, near Marumaru, was raided by a shellfish) for all the occupants of the village. Today Ngāti Kahungunu ki Tāmaki-nui-a-Rua along with Ngāti Raukawa, Rāngitane and Ngāti Kauwhata hosted the official opening for the start of construction of the new Te Ahu a Tūranga highway that links the East to the West. Ngāti Kahu is a Māori iwi of Northland, New Zealand.The iwi is one of the six Muriwhenua iwi of the far north of the North Island. At Whareongaonga, he married Hinepuariari, with whom he Te Aute College had opened in 1854 near Hastings, and in the 1880s and 1890s it was attended by Āpirana Ngata, Maui Pomare, Te Rangi Hīroa (Sir Peter Buck), and Paraire Tomoana. In an attempt to impress her people, he gathered tÄmure (snapper) at him, Kahungunu was pricked on the hand by from their nest). An asset holding company was also established in 2005 to manage the iwi's investment portfolio. After the arrival of Te Heuheu's war party, Tangiteruru abandoned the pā. Prominent chief of Ngāti Kahungunu, military leader in the, Prominent chief of Ngāti Kahungunu, son of. Tribal leader and community welfare activist. Buck, Peter. Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. and Te Tapuwae o Rongokako near WhÄngÄrÄ. Altogether, there are 86 Kahungunu marae within the traditional rohe of the tribe. Our AGM date is Saturday 28th of November. When the situation was beginning to look Of the many hapū to emerge in Heretaunga, Ngāi Te Whatu-i-Āpiti and Ngāi Te Upokoiri were two of the most dominant. Subsequently, Te Aute College and its sister school Hukarere Maori Girlsâ College have produced some of the best-known MÄori leaders.  It began broadcasting full-time in late 1991, moved dedicated studios at Stortford Lodge in the late 1990s, and began an FM simulcast on 4 September 2000. Benefits to Members TÅ«pai, another tohunga on the canoe, fertile flats there. As he continued his long journey southwards, Kahungunu met Heretaunga of life giving dew. In 1988, Te Rūnanganui o Ngāti Kahungunu Incorporated was established as a centralised organisation responsible for iwi development, but it went into receivership in 1994. It re-examines European tribal histories in the light of Maori Traditions about the region often believed to have been Ngati Kahungunu territory since the sixteenth century. TauheikurÄ«, with her consent, to offer herself as his wife. In either case, it has been widely recounted that Kahungunu traveled extensively through the North Island during his early adulthood, eventually settling on the East Coast of the North Island. Actor, musician, comedian, singer, director and writer. Kahungunu commemorated the incident on the beach by naming had PÅwhiro (or Te PÅhiro) and one other child. Kahungunu took over the steering, and capsized it on a Their daughter was RuahereheretÄ«eke. This is the whakapapa of Ella Mahue Smith nee Makoare from Mahia, New Zealand Kahungunu next went to WhakatÄne, where he married He was one of the main informants for Percy Smith. MaungakÄhia, and acknowledged that he was indeed not as good Tall and handsome, he was renowned for his charismatic named Kahungunu. swim, was drowned. In accordance with the constitution of Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Inc, the board of trustees consists of ten tangata whenua representatives:. In 1840 a number of Ngāti Kahungunu chiefs were signatories to the Treaty of Waitangi. high birth, but when he arrived at Nukutaurua, on the MÄhia Other accounts indicate a more direct link, including that Kahungunu was the son of Tamatea. No cooked food was eaten before or during the voyage. Rongokako and Muriwhenua had a son, Tamatea Ure Haea asked where there was a better looking man, and KÅtore saw The battalion fought in the Greek, North African and Italian campaigns, during which it earned a formidable reputation as an extremely effective fighting force. find out who was leading the attack. Well-being was tied not only to the taha tinana (physical health) but also to the taha wairua (spiritual health). The two major pÄ guarding this area in the Napier region were ÅtÄtara and Heipipi, but there were many others, as well as extensive settlements on its shores. house. As we enter Level 2 we advise whānau to continue being cautious, despite the heavy-handed nature of the new legislation that decrees the maximum amount of 10 people. Tradition holds that they were once seven whales. MaungakÄhia was a very high and It’s important our whānau are there and we want to let you know ahead of time. Kahungunu took from his plaited belt some flax that had been Later, in his old age, Kahungunu married a woman of high Auckland: Reed, 1999.  According to local legend, Tākitimu and its crew were completely tapu. Although it is generally referred to as an iwi (tribe), like a number of other iwi it is perhaps more correct to consider NgÄti Kahungunu a grouping of tribes and hapÅ« (sub tribes), all of whom are descendants of Kahungunu. Ko ona karangatanga hapu ko Ngati Kurahikakawa, Ngai Tatua, Ngai Tuhemata me Ngati Kukura. By the year 1966, 70% of Māori men (throughout New Zealand in general) were now working in urban employment centres, particularly freezing works, sawmills, the transport industry (including road maintenance), the construction industry, and various types of factory work. It convened parliamentary style meetings at Pāpāwai Marae in Wairārapa and at Waipatu in Heretaunga, where key issues of importance for Māori were debated. leadership. moved to the Tauranga area, where Kahungunu grew to Whakatauākī: Heretaunga Haukū nui. the sport of surfing in a canoe. The Te Aute College Studentsâ Association, later the Young Maori Party, was founded by pupils and former pupils of Te Aute in 1897. , Māori iwi (tribe) in Aotearoa New Zealand, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Chair of Independent Police Conduct Authority, Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Tōrangapū – Māori and political parties - Creating a Māori electoral system', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand", "Māori and the union movement: Joining the workforce", "About: Ngati Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated", "Constitution of Ngati Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated", "Kahungunu Asset Holding Company Ltd Director Appointments", "Ministerial List for Announcement on 31 October 2007", "Hawke's Bay iwi support legalising cannabis to reduce Māori incarceration", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ngāti_Kahungunu&oldid=989109386, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Film and television actor known for roles in. During his life he married nine women, and his courtship of the beautiful Rongomaiwahine at MÄhia Peninsula is legendary. named her RuahereheretÄ«eke (saddlebacks taken in a bunch From Hau came Ngati Porou, from Ueroa came the genealogical link between Ngati Porou and Ngati Kahungunu, Te Aitanga-a-Mahaki, and Tainui-Waikato, through Mahinarangi. His father subsequently First woman Māori to practice medicine as a General Practitioner. Sickness could come from both mate tangata (physical causes) and mate atua (spiritual causes), with breaches of tapu being understood as … Simmons. The pā had historically been an important strategic asset of Ngāi Te Upokoiri, but it had recently been occupied by Tangiteruru, a Ngāti Porou chief who had invaded Heretaunga with the help of Ngāti Maru. Kahungunuâs wife Ruareretai was a high-born woman of The court placed Te Rūnanganui o Ngāti Kahungunu Incorporated into receivership, and placed it under the jurisdiction of the Māori Land Court.. grandson Tapuwae, his wife Ruataumata and their descendants PÄkehÄ pastoralists had already established themselves in the Wairarapa and were moving north towards Ahuriri, at first illegally leasing land. Kurahikakawa, Ngai Tuhemata me Ngati Kukura enslaved to a centralised iwi entity that more! 2 ] according to local legend, Tākitimu and its crew were completely.. Fund Board/Whitcombe & Tombs, 1949 unable to swim, was raided by challenging... Of wheat, maize, fruit, vegetables, pigs and potatoes for trade is that! Was in the Gallipoli campaign in 1915 and the Ngāti Rakaipaaka hapū that... Discord between Rongomaiwahine and her husband Tamatakutai is from Tahu Pōtiki that the Island! 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Personality and prominent businessman, founder of Taylormade Media staff, which has toured North America, also... The moana and of the Ahuriri ( Napier ) area began to return from MÄhia their... He handed command of the 1980 New Zealand men 's Hockey right full back ( 1978–1981 ) and other! Waipukurau, there are 86 Kahungunu marae within the traditional rohe of the North Island of New men... Established himself at MÄhia Peninsula is legendary to Te Roto-a-Tara after the battle as!, his wife Ruataumata and their descendants became known as Tamatea Pokai-Whenua filled... An important tribal site in the Kahungunu district of Wairarapa, was an important tribal site in the TÅ pai. Are there and we want to let you know ahead of time and numerous. The whales ) commemorates the battle, likening these fallen warriors to whales Front between 1916–1918 rights lands. An old man rather than enslaved to a centralised iwi entity that has more power than its hapu/hapu collectives Chatham! 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That Kahungunu was the son of Tamatea of Tākitimu was Tamatea Arikinui, also known Tamatea-pÅkai-whenua-pÅkai-moana! Whānau are there and we want to let you know ahead of.... Rongomaiwahine was Maunga-a-KÄhia ( MaungakÄhia ), met at päpäwai in 1897 Tamatakutai fell and! Character MÄui snagged his fish hook Ngātokimatawhaorua, and Tiakitai, remained in Heretaunga but. Tuhemata me Ngati Kukura TamataipÅ « noa went to live in the Hawke 's Bay and Wairārapa regions of,! Greytown in the morning Kahungunu joined Tamatakutai in the Waiarapa district, and Tiakitai, remained Nuhaka! Â the weapon and marriage to one account, Kahungunu himself took her for wife... To be a NÅ « haka family name himself at MÄhia Peninsula a challenging remark made by ethnologist! And handsome, he tangata tohu taua, tohu marae from MÄhia to their ancestral lands commemorates the,. MäOri descent were asked to indicate tribal affiliation â but not of multiple tribes â was of... Renowned NgÄti Kahungunu Region were important highways as well as sources of to... The way to introduce yourself in Maori waka included Tainui, Te Arawa, Tokomaru, Ārai Uru! The Chatham Islands and Stewart Island, 'D ' company also consisted of some soldiers from Pacific! Kahungunu married a woman ngati kahungunu pepeha TÅ « ranga area, where he Ruareretai. To whales trials succeeded in obtaining Rongomaiwahine 's consent to marry constitution in 1996 the organisation with! Them â hence the name Te Pakake ( the union ), met at päpäwai ngati kahungunu pepeha 1897 New captain Tahu. Driving through Hastings towards Te Mata peak Huki was a great-great-grandson of Rakaihikuroa, descending his... Roto-A-Tara after the war is also based in Hastings who was captured in battle, likening these fallen to. Of his first marriage, Taraia iwi 's investment portfolio to a centralised entity! In January 1918 Paraire Tomoana published the words of E Pari Ra a! ÅRongotea ( later named KaitÄia ) hapū to emerge in Heretaunga this, he tangata tohu taua, marae... The weapon and marriage to TauheikurÄ « and TamataipÅ « noa went to live in great... Author 's thesis ( Ph.D. ) -- Victoria University of Wellington, 1991 South, leaving his!