I was introduced to `Gro-Low' fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica `Gro-Low'), a rugged, low-growing native shrub that's edging the driveway in the picture at right, while working as a propagator for a large nursery outside of Chicago the year after graduating from college. Lemon-lime foliage, fuzzy stems, and intense fall color make this sumac cultivar a standout. Photos: Sarah Coulber . Light Requirements: Full Sun. It's a patented plant so asexual propagation is prohibited. Many birds and mammals feed on the fruit. Used as a garden plant, staghorn sumac and its cutleaf variety thrive in full sun or light shade with little or no watering, once established. It doesn’t make any difference whether your staghorn tree is planted in spring or fall. The plants are drought tolerant, but grow taller if irrigated regularly in the absence of rain. The same pruning technique can be used if they are planted as a specimen. Propagation. Rhus aromatica, commonly called fragrant sumac, is a deciduous Missouri native shrub which occurs in open woods, glades and thickets throughout the State. Sumac plants grow vigorously following transplanting. (Patrick) Liesch says: July 7, 2016 Eric: The small bumps are “pouch galls” caused by the Eriophyid mite Aculops rhois, also known as the “Poison Ivy Gall Mite” (this species also creates pouch galls on poison ivy). Sumac grows slowly from seed but it does spread quickly from suckers. Remove some of these shoots to prevent the plant from becoming too dense. They can grow in almost any well-drained soil, as long as they get watered well to establish the young plants. Gro-Low Sumac will grow to be about 18 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 4 feet. The plant is wide spreading and will layer its branches as a method of moving. Tiger Eyes sumac is different from the typical staghorn sumac in several ways. Clusters of fuzzy red fruit form on female plants through June. For these plants, pruning should be done in the early spring, before they leaf out. Propagation by stem cuttings is the most commonly used method to propagate many woody ornamental plants. Probably the easiest way to propagate the golden cutleaf sumac named ‘Tiger Eyes’ (Rhus typhina ‘Tiger Eyes’) is to take advantage of the way it spreads by suckering. Take semi-ripe cuttings in summer or root cuttings in winter. However, cuttings from trees such as crape myrtles, some elms, and birches can be rooted. Typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') and spreads to 10' wide. Sumac clusters are called drupes. Shear or prune the outer branch tips to shape and reduce the size of the plant. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under typical garden conditions. It still suckers but the plants I have been watching for the past five years confine the suckers close to the base of the original plant and it will take the colony considerable time to spread out of its original planting zone. propagation: Division; Seed; Stem Cuttings; Colorful Combinations of Sumac Because sumac comes in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, it makes a great companion plant in the garden. View gallery. New growth emerges chartreuse. 8 more photos VIEW GALLERY. First, it is a low growing selection growing only six feet tall and wide. Propagation by Cuttings. Item Description On Hand Ready; SUMFGLAQT: SUMAC FRAGRANT GRO-LOW 18 CT TRAY: 3920: F20-S21 * * see availability legend below. Drought resistant/drought tolerant plant (xeric). If it were mine, I'd have no compunction about removing or relocating any suckers I might find. A native shrub with tart, edible red berries and yellow to orange-red fall foliage. Family: Anacardiaceae (an-a-kard-ee-AY-see-ee) Genus: Rhus (roos) Species: aromatica (ar-oh-MAT-ih-kuh) Cultivar: Grow-Low: Additional cultivar information: (aka Gro-Lo) Synonym: Rhus aromatica var. Selections range from low-growing spreading types that work as underplantings for large low-maintenance areas to large plants that create garden focal points. Cut others … Favor a sunny spot, and don’t worry about the soil type: it’s not an important criteria. Fruits of the Staghorn Sumac are 3-5 mm across and red and juicy when mature. Sumac Fragrant and Gro-Low – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. A tough, fast-growing groundcover for slopes or banks, and areas with poor, dry soil. Grow in average, moist but well-drained soil in full sun (for best fall color). Low-gro sumac diseased leaves Categorized: Uncategorized. It grows in most any soil in full or part sun. Availability. Versatile Gro-Low Sumac is hardy over a very wide range of growing zones. Sumac has upright fruit clusters, usually red and covered in a velvet fuzz. Each sucker will become another plant. You're going to want to prune this shrub heavily in early spring when necessary. Sumac male and female parts are found on separate trees, so if you want those brilliant berries, make sure you get both pollen-producing and seed-bearing trees. Yet it spreads 6 to 8 feet wide, in a short time, growing at least 2 feet a year, so a few plants will fill a large space with top-quality ground cover. Plant type: deciduous small shrub Primary method of propagation: cutting Alternate propagation method(s): seed, layering. Original Author. This plant spreads by suckers and can be invasive. These roses usually bloom all summer long Creeping thyme Fragrant Sumac 'Grow-Low' Rhus aromatica. 'Gro-low' Fragrant Sumac. Sumac can be a small tree or a shrub in shape, and likes to grow on dry slopes. Divide suckers when dormant or sow seed in autumn. This has excellent glossy foliage and beautiful red fall color that is striking in the landscape. The species can grow from 2-6’ tall with a spread of 6-10’. In fact, this sumac can be invasive in some gardens due to its suckering habit. Grow-low aromatic sumac If grown in full sun, it reaches a modest height of two feet and its leaves provide red colors in the autumn Low-growing, spreading roses Examples: White and Scarlet Meidiland, Nearly Wild, Bonica, and the Memorial Rose do best in full sun and soils with good drainage. Gro-Low Fragrant Sumac will grow to be about 24 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 7 feet. last month. aromatica: Synonym: Rhus aromatica var. A dense, low-growing, rambling shrub which spreads by root suckers to form thickets in the wild. The showy fruit clusters are eaten by wild birds. But like all sumacs, it does sucker, maybe not quite as rampantly as most but it should still sucker. It grows in the poorest soil, as long as its roots are not waterlogged, and appears to be tolerant of the reflected heat, dust, and smoke of city gardens. Great plant for mass planting and bank control in your garden. Common name(s): Fragrant Sumac, Lemon Sumac, Sweet-Scented Sumac, Polecat Bush. Photo by Chris Earley. Either way, mature sumacs will spread by sending up shoots from their roots. The hardiness depends on the variety. Fragrant sumac is a low-growing, prostrate shrub that spreads by root suckers. Gro-Low is just a great, fragrant, useful plant. When this happens, all of the branches can be cut back close to the ground. Staghorn sumac grows extremely fast, make sure you’ve given it enough space to spread out. It has a low canopy. Xeriscape plant. Tends to sucker and root along stems that touch the soil, forming a dense stand. It grows into an upright, rounded form about 6 feet tall and as wide. A low growing and compact shrub with interesting foliage turning brilliant colors in fall and bright yellow flowers in spring; makes an excellent groundcover as it tends to … It can grow anywhere from four to 35 feet in size. Tiger Eyes sumac is different from the typical staghorn sumac in several ways. ‘Gro-low’ fragrant sumac, Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-Low’ is a common, drought tolerant groundcover that only gets 2-3′ tall and about 5′ wide, but I have seen people plant them about 4′ apart or slightly closer so that is fills in quicker. Pest problems are rare. Leaves turn bright red-purple in fall. How to plant staghorn sumac. Being galls, they can look unsightly, but they shouldn’t affect the plant in the long run. First, it is a low growing selection growing only six feet tall and wide. Morning Sun & Afternoon Shade. Fragrant sumac leaves in the fall. It has a low canopy. The leaves are notched and grow in slightly taggered pairs until the end, where one leaf will be perpendicular to the rest. After several years' growth, the "Gro-Low" sumac may become tangled, overgrown and oversized, particularly if there has been little regular maintenance. This shrub performs well in both full sun and full shade. Well adapted to a wide range of soils from sandy and rocky to red clay. Outstanding bright mahogany-red foliage in the fall. Yellow-green flowers appear before leaves emerge. Stem cuttings of many favorite shrubs are quite easy to root. Water well after planting. Fragrant sumac is thought to be shade intolerant or to have a low shade tolerance. Deciduous. These shrubs are often used in mass plantings or as a hedge. Fragrant sumac is usually considered to be a pioneering species which invades disturbed sites, fencerows, roadsides, abandoned fields and forest and grassland borders. The Gro-Low Sumac forms a dense clump of intertwined branches, growing no more than 2 feet tall, and usually a little lower. I have removed few suckers last year. Cutting type: stem tip Time of year to take cuttings: Summer Cutting maturity: softwood Rooting hormone: IBA TALC 3000 PPM Rooting environment: humid chamber … Suckers arise from vegetative sprouts attached to the roots of the plant. The trunk is forked and spreading, which is the reason it provides such good cover for many animals. Typically, stem cuttings of tree species are more difficult to root. The lateral branches can be pruned to keep them from growing into neighboring plants. Space appropriately for your intended use: tighter spacing for a full, massed effect or more sparsely spaced for naturalizing. A sucker is a new stem that develops off the plant roots. Low, irregular spreading shrub with lower branches that grow horizontally then turn up at the tips. It is best planted in masses, to prevent it from growing into other neighboring plants. Staghorn sumac is so named because new shoots are covered with a reddish-brown downy pubescence similar to that seen on the antlers of deer when new horns grow in the fall. Gro-Low Sumac is a selection of Fragrant Sumac grown for its very low, wide-spreading habit. By summer an excessive number of vigorous new shoots may have appeared. The glossy, green foliage displays an excellent red fall color and is fragrant when brushed against or leaves are crushed. Gro-Low Sumac (Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low') is an outstanding groundcover shrub that is only 18" tall but spreads widely. Sumac is a versatile plant that grows in almost any well-drained soil. #ProPlantTips for Care. Planting & Growing. 5-6' tall x 6' wide (seed propagated). Gro-Low Sumac is an excellent plant for use in areas where crummy, rocky soils may exist. There is also a poison sumac, which causes epidermal distress in those that come in contact with the plant. Fall brings leaves of yellow, scarlet, and orange. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 25 years. Full sun or partial shade is fine for most varieties, but flameleaf or prairie sumac has better flowers and fall color if grown in full sun. Zones: 4 - 9: Advantages: Bee Friendly. Works well in border plantings, backed by taller shrubs and perennials. illinoensis: Synonym: Schmaltzia crenata: 4 vendors have this plant … Flowers are yellowish green and followed, on female plants, by hairy, dark red fruit. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 25 years. Fragrant Sumac is extremely variable in size between individuals produced from seed. One comment P.J. Rhus is a good choice for screening and wind breaks. 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