Reference should be made to Plates 1,2,3, and 5 of the Appendix. 5642 (October 3, 2020). Oiling platform—A raised flooring constructed for the purpose of oiling machinery. 34″ to 38″. Balconies; Stairs; Ramps; Exceptions; 1 Balconies. STAIR WIDTH. (b)  Toeboards of not less than 7/8 inch in thickness may be accepted by the Department if they conform to the requirements of § §  47.241—47.242. How To Choose The Stair Railing Height So Your Design Is Up To Code. The height limit established by code is intended to provide a reasonable interval for the user so that they may rest on a level surface and to alleviate the negative effects of long uninterrupted flights. Reference should be made to Plate 1-C, D, E and Plate 4 of the Appendix. City & County of Honolulu Railing Building Code. 34″ and 42″. Railing shall be installed along the edges of every open-sided floor, working platform, runway or balcony which is 6 feet or more above floor or ground level and along the edges of all other platforms or openings in walls, floors or ground levels where the safety of persons is involved. A handrail must be between 865mm and 1070mm (34 and 42 inches) above the nosing. In Gymnastics, What Is the Difference Between Apparatus & Equipment? The chains shall be taut when in place. There must be a clearance of at least 1 ½ inches behind handrails adjacent to walls. Variations in riser height or tread depth shall not be over 1/4-inch (0.6 cm) on any stairway. Whether you're on vacation or building a new home, it's always a good idea to read up on building safety. Please direct comments or questions to. Exceptions to the Rule There exist a handful of exceptions to the exterior stair railing code. If a deck's floor surface is more than 30 inches from the ground it must have a railing. Measure railing height from the bottom of the ground at each step to the top of where the handrail will be located. In the case of pits and other floor or ground level openings, such as pouring pits in foundries, and runways and platforms where the nature of the operations requires that railings be frequently removed, chains of equal strength may be used in place of standard railings. Minimum tread depth shall be 9 inches 780 CMR 3603.12 : Landings - Interior Landing – 36 inches x 36 inches Exterior Landings – 48 inches wide by 42 inches deep The floor area or landing shall not be more than 1 1/2 inches lower than the top of the threshold In 1999, BOCA, SBCCI and ICBO began to work together to prepare a unified code under the auspices of the ICC. A toeboard shall be installed under the railing along the edges of each working platform, runway or balcony which is 6 or more feet above floor level and along the edges of all other platforms and openings in walls floors and ground levels when the safety of persons is involved. Less than 3 risers – no handrail required; Over 3 risers – 31’’ to 38’’; Landing less … Toeboards are not required on the following: (1)  On platforms used only for lumber storage. One of the best ways to ensure the safety of your deck is by installing a handrail. The riser shall be measured vertically between leading edges of the adjacent treads. No two bolt holes shall be in line with the grain of the wood. 174) (43 P. S. §  25-15). changes effective through 50 Pa.B. When chains are used, the spacing, strength and fastening specifications for posts shall be the same as for standard rails. (ii) Handrail. (b)  Midrails. 34″ and 42″. Virginia’s handrail regulations are set out in the 2006 revision of Virginia’s Uniform Statewide Building Code, which governs all aspects of building in the state of Virginia. (b)  Midrails. Deck railing height standards can vary from state to state but typically require a 36″ or 42″ railing. When you just have one railing on your staircase, then it must be 31 1/2 inches away from the wall on the other side of the stairs. Her work has been published by the "Manchester Evening News" and "Q Magazine." The same height rules apply to stairs, and the inspector measures the handrail height from nose of the stair tread. How to Install Panic Devices to Meet ADA Height Requirements, Archive.org- Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code, Nationmaster: Mortality Rate- Falls From Steps or Stairs, Access Board: ADAAG Guidelines for Accesibility to Buildings and Facilities. If angle post sockets are used, the throat of the socket shall have a depth of not less than four inches, the post shall be fastened to the socket by at least two bolts, and the socket shall be riveted to the floor or structural frame in the case of steel construction or through-bolted to the floor with plates or washers in the case of wood construction. Virginia’s Uniform Building code requires that any interior or exterior staircase with more than four risers, or a balcony more than 30 inches above a surface, be fitted with a guardrail. (a)  Existing installations having the flanges secured by lag or ordinary wood screws or other means are acceptable if safety is assured and if major repairs or replacements are made the specifications for new installations are followed. Runways or platforms constructed over conveyors used for the movement of materials, regardless of height, shall have all sides guarded with standard railings and toeboards. The following regulations are met by our Art Metal technicians while installing exterior and interior metal stair railings and all other types of stair rails. PHOTO 7. (c)  Railings made of wood, metal shapes or metal bars shall be placed on that side of the posts or uprights which afford the greatest support and protection. I am in Ontario and the building code here requires it to be 42" high. The code has some very specific requirements for deck stairs: Stair rails on decks should be between 34 inches and 38 inches high, measured vertically from the nose of the tread to the top of the rail. Residential properties typically require a railing of 36 inches, while commercial properties should have railings between 42 and 48 inches. Raising the railing height 6” may make all the difference. 30″ to 38″. Runway—A stationary incline or ramp provided as a means of ascent and descent from one level to another. Any person who violates this subchapter or any regulations of the Department or who interferes with the Department or its duly authorized representative in the enforcement of these provisions or regulations shall be subject to summary proceedings before an alderman, magistrate, or district justice, and upon conviction shall be penalized under the provisions of section 15 of act of May 18, 1937 (P. L. 654, No. If a property owner or contractor elects to install railings on any deck lower than 30″, the railings must still meet code. (2) You must ensure that a stair railing is of construction similar to a standard railing but the vertical height is not more than 34 inches nor less than 30 inches from upper surface of top rail to surface of tread in line with face of riser at forward edge of tread. A top railing of 1 inch by 4 inches finished size is acceptable if another board of not less than 1 inch by 4 inches finished size is securely fastened to the sides of the posts and to the top railing at approximately right angles to the top railing. This section cited in 34 Pa. Code §  47.234 (relating to metal railings other than pipe); 34 Pa. Code §  47.235 (relating to wood railings); and 34 Pa. Code §  47.253 (relating to access to platforms). In the U.S., the I-Codes require handrail placed between 34 and 38 inches. The use of rope or wire cable in place of chains is prohibited. Proper Height A stair rail must be between 34 and 38 inches above the top of the stair tread at all times to meet United States building code requirements. Posts which are an integral part of the under or over structure are acceptable if they meet the spacing requirements of §  47.232 (relating to construction) and strength requirements of §  47.233 (relating to pipe railings). Toeboards are not required on oiling platforms. Other approved methods of securing pipe flanges to concrete floors may be used. Platform—A raised working floor or stage. Stair railings and handrails shall be continuous the full length of the stairs and, except for private stairways, at least one handrail or stair railing shall extend in the direction of the stair run not less than 12 inches beyond the top riser nor less than 12 inches beyond the bottom riser. (d)  Omission. Platforms of permanent construction which are in general use shall have a permanent runway or stairway equipped with either a stationary ladder or handrailings in § §  47.231—47.232 (relating to installation; construction). (g)  Omission. In commercial applications, the NBC permits the top or a guard (42″ minimum height) to also serve as handrail. 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